The picture file formats that are most common, particularly for cameras, printing, scanning and Internet use, include JPG, TIF, PNG and GIF. These image files each have their own specialty and particular use.

JPG is the most commonly used picture file format. Web pages and digital cameras often use JPG because of its ability to compress data into small files. GIF debuted in the early days of computer 8-bit video and is good for making small files out of pictures with only a few colors. PNG is considered a modern replacement for GIF, since it offers more bits and additional options, such as RGB color modes. TIF is considered high quality and possibly the most versatile.