The Boy Scout movement is an educational movement that began in England in 1908. According to the official Scout website, the purpose of the movement is to promote unity and the understanding of Scouting's purpose and principles.
Robert Baden-Powell published "Scouting for Boys" on Jan. 24, 1908. This is considered the beginning of the Boy Scout movement, but it actually occurred after the first Boy Scout meeting. Baden-Powell had initially written military field manuals for British soldiers, but the manuals eventually became popular with young boys.
On Jan. 25, 1907, Baden-Powell and several instructors took a group of boys camping and taught them about observation, deduction, boating, woodcraft, chivalry and other topics. With the success of this first outing and "Scouting for Boys," Baden-Powell founded and set up the official Boy Scouts office. After a year, over 60,000 Boy Scouts were registered in British Commonwealth countries. The movement then spread to the United States in 1909 after William Boyce of Chicago received assistance from a Scout and was inspired to found the Boy Scouts of America.
The Scout Promise states that a Scout has three main duties: duty to God, duty to others and duty to self. These duties are intended to contribute to building a better world.