Domestic sheep are raised all over the world and are one of the most common herd animals in history. The first domestic sheep were located in the Middle East and Central Asia, but farmers all around the world raise them today, in virtually every environment imaginable.

Domestic sheep are used largely for their wool, though herds in Great Britain and New Zealand are also cultivated for their meat. Not common at the average supermarket in the United States, mutton is a much leaner meat than beef or pork, though lamb is more often used by many restaurants and amateur chefs.