The Bengal tiger is named after the Indian province of Bengal and is primarily found in India. Its range also includes China, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar.

A Bengal tiger habitat is quite varied. Bengal tigers can be found in the tropical rainforests of southern India, as well as mangrove swamps, open grassland and drier forests or scrub land. Despite this adaptability, they are considered endangered throughout their entire range due to encroachment by humans and poaching. Tiger body parts are considered medicinal in Chinese herbal medicine, and their skins are highly valued for their unique color and pattern. The unique tiger stripe pattern is used as camouflage for the tiger's preferred habitat of shady woodlands and tall grass.