A pet canary can live approximately 15 years. A canary's lifespan depends on its gender, level of care, breeding activity and basic safety practices. Male canaries tend to live longer than female canaries. Female canaries used for regular breeding usually live only about six years.

Male canaries are the sex of the species that sings. The minimum cage size a canary should be housed in is 17 inches long by 10 inches high. Canaries are shy, gentle birds and stress can shorten their lifespan. Do not put other birds except for finches in the same cage as a canary. Before letting a canary fly in the house, close the curtains and cover any mirrors so that the bird does not fly head-first into them.