The gestation period of a zebra varies based on the species of the animal in question, but most zebras give birth after at least 360 days. In some species, such as the Grevy's zebra, gestation lasts as long as 438 days.

Like other members of the equidae family, zebras rarely give birth to more than one foal. The foal is born with white and brown stripes, which turn darker as the animal ages. In the days following a zebra's birth, its mother keeps other zebras away from the two of them. This allows the mother and baby to bond with each other.