A common belief is that camels store water in their humps, but the humps are actually reservoirs that store fat. This allows the camel to remain cool in hot temperatures, as the rest of its body is thinly insulated. Arabian camels have a single hump, while Asian camels have two humps.

Camels have three eyelids and two rows of eyelashes that prevent sand and debris from irritating their eyes. Newborn camels are capable of running when they are two to three hours old. Full-grown camels can consume up to 7 liters of water per day. The animals use approximately 20 liters of water per day during the summer months and can lose up to 100 liters of water and still remain hydrated due to their ability to store fluids.

Adult camels can grow as tall as 7 feet and weigh between 700 and 1,500 pounds. When traveling in packs, camels can carry up to 400 pounds as far as 25 miles. Camels are peaceful, social animals that are known to trek in large groups when searching for food and water. Young camels are extremely attached to their mothers, and the pairs travel together for many years. The life expectancy of a camel is approximately 50 years.