Adult dingoes are considered to be top predators in the food chain, and face little threat from predation, but young dingo puppies are susceptible to attack from predatory birds, primarily the wedge-tailed eagle. Dingoes are about the same size as coyotes and mid-sized American domesticated dogs. However, dingoes are wild animals, and can be ferocious, particularly when they congregate in packs.

Dingoes closely resemble coyotes and wild dogs in appearance. Most have light tan to gray-colored coats, although their coat colors can also include shades of red, yellow and even black. They have long, pricked and straight ears and long snouts. Dingoes have long and bushy tails that resemble the tails of foxes, and move using a long, loping trotting gait. They typically have contrasting-colored paws, and have white markings along their feet, chests and on the ends of their long tails.

Dingoes, like most other animals, communicate with each other using a set of unique sounds. This includes a set of three howls, which include moans, barks and snuffing noises. The howls emitted by dingoes are quite loud, and allow them to communicate with each other over large areas. They also howl when launching attacks on pack members, and use howls to deter rivals.