Types of goats in Alabama include Boer goats, Kiko goats and myotonic goats. The Boer goat was established in South Africa and was selected for meat rather than milk production. Boer goats were imported into the United States in the 1990s.
The Boer goat is typically white with a red head, though variations in color include black heads and white bodies. Boers weigh about 250 to 300 pounds and are often featured as show goats. They are highly disease-resistant and adapt well to hot, dry climates.
Kiko goats originated in New Zealand and are a cross between feral and dairy goats. The Kiko is a hardy breed that grows quickly. It can adapt to many different types of weather, climates and terrain and has the ability to thrive under conditions that are less than ideal. Kikos have fewer hoof problems than other breeds and are more resistant to parasites.
Myotonic, or fainting goats as they are known, are native to the United States and are characterized by a genetic disorder. When myotonic goats are startled, their skeletal muscles contract and release, which results in the goat collapsing onto its side, appearing to faint.