The average gestation period of a tiger is 103 to 105 days. Newborn cubs are born with their eyes and ears closed and must be cared for by their mothers.

Tiger cubs can see and hear by 2 weeks of age but continue to nurse until they are about 3 months old, although they begin eating solid food at 2 months. At 2 months old, they are mobile enough to follow their mothers for short distances. They begin learning to hunt when 5 to 6 months old and can hunt for themselves when 11 months old, although they stay with their mothers until they are at least 18 months old.