Of the three species with the common name of "hyena", the spotted hyena is the swiftest recorded, with a top speed of 40 miles per hour. This is an adaptation to running down fleet-footed hoofed prey such as antelopes and zebras.
Brown hyenas, another predatory species, can run at speeds between 25 and 31 miles per hour when giving chase to prey.
There is little information on the top speed of striped hyenas, although when foraging they can trot up to 5 miles per hour. Striped hyenas are mostly scavengers and have no need to chase after their food to bring it down.