It is uncommon for mice and other small rodents to carry rabies, but they can contract the disease in rare situations where they are attacked by another animal with rabies and do not die. The most common animals affected by the disease are raccoons, skunks, foxes, livestock, cats and dogs. There are types of animals that do not carry or contract rabies, which are reptiles, birds, insects and amphibians.

When an animal has rabies, it typically becomes aggressive and irritable, sometimes causing it to attack anything that crosses its path. Other symptoms associated with rabies in animals includes convulsions, staggering when walking, foaming at the mouth, paralysis and making unusual sounds. Animals with rabies commonly die within 1 week after exhibiting symptoms of the disease.