Chicken mites can be transferred to humans through contact with afflicted birds, most commonly chickens, pigeons, sparrows and starlings, as the Illinois Department of Public Health explains. However, they do not usually attempt to feed off humans for very long.

Chicken mites' particular style of predation involves hiding throughout the day in crevices near the nests of their prey and emerging to feed by night while their victims sleep, notes the Illinois Department of Public Health. Chicken mites can also be transferred to pets, where their bites can have a far more dramatic effect, often causing a mange-like irritation. The most common effect of chicken mite bites on humans is simple itching.