There are many different species of zebra, each with its own conservation status. As of 2014, The Grevy's zebra is the only member of the species that is considered to be endangered.

Though endangered, the Grevy's zebra population is considered stable, with a population estimated at between 1,966 to 2,447. Their status as endangered is due in part by competition by livestock. The zebra is also hunted for its meat and its skin. Also, because of the small size of its population, environmental hazards, such as droughts, are capable of harming the species. Two additional species, the mountain zebra and the Hartmann's zebra, are considered vulnerable and close to being endangered.