As of 2014, capuchin monkeys are not an endangered species. They have high reproductive rates and easily adapt to a variety of environments, both characteristics aiding in a strong population in light of loss of forest habitats.

Capuchin monkeys are found mainly in Brazil and other parts of Latin America. In the wild, jaguars and birds of prey are their two main predators. The monkeys are easily trainable and known as clever pets. They have been used to aid human owners that are disabled, as well as providing street entertainment. Humans have also been known to hunt them for their meat. Loss of forestland and threats of predators are not enough factors to outweigh their adaptability and reproductive rates, giving them a strong and stable population.