As of June 2014, bull sharks are not endangered, but it is likely that their numbers are decreasing. They are widely fished for their meat, hides, oil and fins.

Bull sharks live in warm, shallow water and often venture into bays and rivers. They bear their young in protected coastal areas, and the young bull sharks remain in these "nurseries" for many years as they grow slowly. Because bull sharks and their young inhabit areas that are impacted by human activity, such as fishing, shark biologist Dr. Erich K. Ritter believes that the addition of this species to the endangered list is likely in the foreseeable future.