According to Reliable Appliances, following basic repair guidelines for refrigerators, washing machines, dryers, dishwashers and microwaves often fixes problems with these appliances. By using basic troubleshooting tips, an owner can save the cost of calling an appliance repairman or determine when a professional repair is actually needed.
A refrigerator may fail to cool because the condenser coils are too close to the wall. Pulling the refrigerator out slightly may solve the problem. Icemakers sometimes have their water inlet valves jammed with ice. Heating the valve to melt the ice should solve this problem.
Washing machines sometimes fail to spin because the machine is overloaded or unevenly loaded. Redistributing the wash load helps fix this problem. Dryers sometimes do not dry properly because of excess lint in the dryer vents. Because too much lint can cause house fires, homeowners should manually clean out the vents on a regular basis. They should also check for excess lint before calling an appliance repairman.
Dishwashers sometimes fail to drain because the drain hose is clogged or because the timer that opens the outflow valve is not working correctly. A broken timer needs to be replaced, but the homeowner can fix a clogged drain by removing the drain hose, unclogging any debris and reattaching it.
Microwave turntables sometimes fail to turn because they are not sitting correctly on the bushing. Remove the turntable and check it for any baked-on food that might affect the way it sits.