Chinese chess, or Xiangqi, is a very popular game in the Eastern Hemisphere that is played by millions of people, mainly throughout Asia. The traditional Xiangqi board consists of 10 horizontal lines and nine vertical lines that form a grid. The vertical lines are separated in the middle so that the board appears as two grids of five horizontal lines by nine vertical lines.

It is believed that both orthodox chess and Xiangqi were derived from the original Indian game of Chanturanga, although it is debated by some that the Chinese version of chess is the original variant. Except for the cannon, every Xiangqi piece is similar in appearance to the Chanturanga piece that sits in roughly the same position. The rules are essentially the same in both versions of chess. Both players command an army of pieces, only moving one piece at a time with the main goal being the elimination of the opponent's royal piece.