In the United States we are accustomed to card suits used on traditional French card decks: hearts, diamonds, clubs and spades. However, when playing cards were given to Europeans by Egyptians, their decks used cups, coins, swords and polo-sticks for their suits. As card games spread over Europe, different suits were adopted.

Playing cards were introduced to Europe from Mamluk, Egypt around 1370. The Italians and Spanish use the original suits of cups, coins and swords, and converted the polo-stick suit to batons or fighting clubs. The Swiss-Germans adopted card games and developed their own suits of shields, roses, acorns, and bells. The Germans changed the shields and roses into hearts and leaves. The French derived their suits of clubs, diamonds, hearts, and spades from the German suits. All these decks have four suits and exactly one of each type of card.