Thomas Babington Macaulay's "Minute on Indian Education" document called for schools in India that would build a class of Indians assimilated to British culture to mediate between the British and their colonial subjects in India. He served on the Supreme Council of India from 1834 to 1838 and instituted reforms.

William Bentinck, the British Governor General for India, agreed with Macaulay's idea, suggesting that the British government should promote ideas from European science and literature throughout India. This would give the English language a permanent hold in schools throughout India; prior to Macaulay's "Minute," a fierce debate had raged as to whether Indian students should be required to learn English. Macaulay's ideas helped secure the implementation of English instruction throughout the colony.