As of 2016, there is one school of optometry in Florida: Nova Southeastern University in Fort Lauderdale. Nova Southeastern University is a member of the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry. Other schools of optometry in the United States are the Southern College of Optometry in Memphis, Tennessee; University of Alabama at Birmingham; University of Missouri at St. Louis; Western University of Health Sciences in Pomona, California; and New England College of Optometry in Boston, Massachusetts.

Nova Southeastern University's College of Optometry offers two degree programs, the Master of Science and Doctor of Optometry. The Doctor of Optometry is a four-year program and includes courses such as Contemporary Issues in Optometry, Visual Neurophysiology, Introduction to Binocular Vision, General Pathology and Ocular Pharmacology. The fourth year consists of a series of clinical externships in areas such as primary care, pediatrics, vision rehabilitation and surgical care. The Master of Science in Clinical Vision Research is a two-year program conducted online and is geared toward students interested in research.

As of 2016, Nova Southeastern University requires all applicants to the Doctor of Optometry to earn a grade of at least 2.0 in a series of required prerequisite courses, including calculus, biochemistry, English and microbiology. Applicants must also take the Optometry Admission Test, submit letters of recommendation and graduate from a bachelor degree program with at least a 2.8 grade point average.