Whether or not children should have homework is a matter of debate among educators, with some suggesting that it encourages good study habits, self-discipline, a love of learning and that it also reinforces work done in the classroom. However, some critics have pointed out that there is little relation between homework and academic achievement.

Advocates of homework have also claimed that homework promotes the development of life skills and the ability to manage tasks.

Meanwhile, a more moderate stance on the topic cites research that suggests homework is only useful when it is used as a tool to assess children's academic development and identify learning difficulties.