To become a pediatrician, a person needs to complete 4 years of college, 4 years of medical school, 1 year of a pediatrics internship and 2 years of a Pediatrics residency. Pediatricians who choose a sub-specialty go on to complete additional years of training.

A pediatrician is a physician who provides medical care for patients 21 years of age and younger. They provide preventive care for healthy children and the medical diagnosis and treatment of children who are ill. Pediatricians are also involved in the mental well-being of their patients. Approximately 60 percent of pediatricians practice general primary care; others will focus on a pediatric sub-specialty, such as adolescent medicine, neonatal medicine, infectious diseases and oncology.