An essay is generally organized into three sections: the introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion. The organization of the body paragraphs, which depends on the type of essay and the writer's intentions, can incorporate topical, chronological and climactic order.

The introductory paragraph of an essay begins with a "hook," an attention-grabbing sentence that contains shocking or exciting information. Afterwards, come one to two sentences that give background information on the topic, followed by the thesis statement in which the author states her opinion.

Each body paragraph begins with a topic sentence that states the main idea of the paragraph. This sentence is followed by facts and explanations that support it. In an expository essay, the writer often organizes the body paragraphs according to topic.

Writers can use chronological order in narrative essays to develop the sequence of events in a story. In an argumentative essay, order of importance provides a better structure for the body paragraphs, which are usually arranged from the least important point to the most important point.

The final paragraph of the essay summarizes the points made in the body paragraphs and restates the thesis statement. The writer then makes a prediction or provides a solution for the issue discussed.